Timetable

Yoshihiro Nakabo
Yoshihiro Nakabo

Japan

National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)
Senior Researcher

Topic: Robotics/Collaborative safety

Recent advances in IoT devices have made it possible for people and machines to work together or co-operate safely. We will collect reports and discuss issues related to safety technologies, practices, and standardization when humans and robots, or various machines share time and space to operate in a variety of work environments, not only in manufacturing, but also in various other work environments.

Jan Zimmermann Germany
Jan Zimmermann
Institute of Occupational Safety & Health of the German Social Accident Insurance (IFA)
Section Manager: Principles, Methods and Software Solutions

Human body elasticity: corridors and limits

The talk will briefly present the results of recent scientific studies that should be taken into account when considering human-robot safety. Biomechanical corridors from human subject studies, based on pain thresholds, show human body stiffnesses and limits. They can be used for a safe operation of a power- and force-limited robot.

Kazutsugu Suita Japan
Kazutsugu Suita
Toyota
Elemental Technology Development Project Manager

Human centered collaboration and cooperation with robots in the field of manufacturing for our future works

Cobots have come to be used in many manufacturing fields. On the other hand, there are many issues of risk countermeasures due to being caught in workpieces and jigs, and research and development as a means of ensuring more practical safety and security and helping each other in the future is desired. In this report, we will provide topics on examples of collaborative use of automobile manufacturing lines and examples of evaluating the physical burden on people using cyber-physical systems. We will discuss future issues and prospects for people-centered collaboration manufacturing.

José Saenz Germany
José Saenz
Fraunhofer IFF
Business Unit Robotic Systems Group leader

Getting past the hype cycle – Trends and Outlook for Human-Robot Collaboration

This talk will take a look at current trends in human-robot collaboration with a few examples of recent activities in this field. Finally I will identify and briefly discuss some key trends for the future of the field.

Timo Malm Finland
Timo Malm
VTT Technical Reseach Centre of Finland
Senior Scientist

Discussion about safety of mobile robots in industrial applications

There are many kinds of autonomous ground vehicles and this presentation focuses on autonomous mobile machines and mobile robots. Autonomous mobile machines are applied in outdoors applications and their safety systems rely usually on access control and on-board safety systems. The mobile robots are used often indoors and there are plenty of suitable on-board safety sensors to be applied. Currently one common challenge with both autonomous mobile machines and mobile robots is that there are plenty of different applications and the current requirements are written only to specific cases. The variety of mobile vehicles is increasing.

Roberta Nelson Shea Denmark
Roberta Nelson Shea
Universal Robots
Global Technical Compliance Officer

The "new normal" - how new technology robotics improve worker safety and lessen strains that cause ergonomic injuries...

Robotics have long been used for dirty and dangerous tasks, thereby contributing to reduced risks for workers. With the “new normal” requiring resilience and agility – despite the labour shortage, greater automation is needed.  Smaller robots and mobile robots enable the automation of tasks that are dull and injury prone.  Often the solution is partial automation to work collaboratively with people.  The results are fewer ergonomic strains, sprains and injuries while experiencing increased productivity.

Shoken Shimizu Japan
Shoken Shimizu
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan (JNIOSH)
Supervising researcher

Examination of reliability and convenience of the Safeguarding Supportive System (SSS) – Experimental evidence at a company

We newly established risk reduction system, named “Safeguarding Supportive System (SSS)”, which is proposing to ISO. It is established to prevent human error and intentional unsafe behavior from mechanical side (hardware side). The SSS would reduce residual risks with appropriate ITC combination. We examined efficacy of the SSS at a rental company of portal workbench. We examined 1) whether RF-tag system was adequately operated by workers, 2) whether UWB-active-RFID system precisely monitored and captured workers movement and location in real time, and 3) whether gateway monitor system appropriately monitored entering into and leaving from the work zone. As results in the present study, there were no differences in relative ratio of correct count, safe failure and dangerous failure in zone A1 and those of B1. Time and trace of movement of workers were recorded by UWB active RFID system. Also, the system could be confirmed of state of the simultaneous works of more than one worker.

Tony Funaki Japan
Tony Funaki
IDEC Corporation
Vice President of Marketing (Product Marketing)

Introduction of New Technologies that Accelerate Collaborative Application of Robot System ~To Improve Safety, Health and Well-being of Workers~

Masahiro Morioka Japan
Masahiro Morioka
FANUC
ROBOT Business Division ROBOT Mechanical Development Laboratory Chief Engineer

Collaborative Robot with Ease of Use even for First-time Robot Users

As the labor shortage due to a falling birthrate and aging population has accelerated, the demand for collaborative robots that can realize automation at manual production sites without safety fences has been increasing exponentially. I would like to introduce the features of collaborative robot with ease of use even for first-time robot users and application examples, including safety aspects.

Break

Jean-Christophe Blaise France
Jean-Christophe Blaise
Institut National de Recherche et de Securité (INRS)
Work Equipment Engineering division

Collaborative robotics: occupational health and safety issues

Presented as a key to competitiveness, collaborative robots are generating a lot of interest in the industry. Many see it as a way to combine human know-how with the endurance of these robots designed to work in proximity to workers. Nevertheless, collaborative robotics raises the question of how to integrate them into companies because of the new human-robot coactivity that it implies. This can lead to physical risks but also to psychological constraints. The conference reminds us of the importance of a global risk prevention approach when putting in place a robotic cell. The consideration of human and technical factors throughout the deployment process ensures a successful integration. The different technical and organizational solutions are addressed. Finally, the conference opens on current and future developments in terms of AI, mobile robotics, etc.

Tomas Lagerberg Sweden
Tomas Lagerberg
ABB Ltd.
Global Patent Officer, Robotics division and Robotics & Discrete Automation business area

The why, what, how and when of human-robot collaboration

Hiroo Kanamaru Japan
Hiroo Kanamaru
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
Advanced Technology R&D Center, Senior Engineer

Safety of Collaborative Machines- Discussion about Risk Management -

Machines for collaborative work with humans, such as service robots and assist suits, have appeared. These machines realize efficient collaborative work in anticipation of the actions and movements of workers. Therefore, the safety measures that have been applied so far are not sufficient, and an essential safety design that considers functional safety in the collaborative work content is required. In addition, since the risks and safety measures change dynamically depending on the relationship between humans and machines, dynamic risk management is required. The safety of collaborative machines is under discussion in the ACOS and IEC White Papers, and this presentation will explain the latest situation.

Tamio Tanikawa Japan
Tamio Tanikawa
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)
Deputy Director, Research Center Team Leader

From safety focusing on accident prevention to safety that also considers productivity

Until now, based on the recognition that human behavior is unpredictable, the image of a predicted accident and the necessary safety measures have been discussed (Accident preventative Safety). In the future, in order for humans and robots to cooperate, technology to predict human behavior is required. That is, human modeling is important. By accurately modeling individual people, it is possible to predict human behavior using technologies such as AI. By using an accurate model of an individual, work support suitable for the individual is possible. This leads to improved productivity. In other words, improving safety enables individual human management and increases productivity. This is a new safety concept (Productive Safety).

Yoshiyuki Sankai Japan
Yoshiyuki Sankai
CYBERDYNE Inc.
President and CEO

Pioneering the Future for Occupational Safety through Wearable Cyborg HAL ~ Cybernics: Fusion of Humans, Robots and Information Systems ~

Yoji Yamada Japan
Yoji Yamada
Nagoya University
ISO/TC299, JP Member Professor

Tolerance values acceptable for minor skin injuries

Currently, when discussing the safety of industrial robots in collaborative work systems, pain is the norm and the protective interval distance is determined. However, as robots coexist in closer proximity to humans to service them, the protective spacing distance alone becomes irrelevant to the discussion. In this presentation, I would like to ask the following question: depending on the frequency of human-machine contact, can the norm of internal bleeding as well as the norm of pain be determined as the upper limit of safety data? This is the position that ISO/TR 21260 is based on.

Masahiro Indo Japan
Masahiro Indo
Shimizu Corporation
Senior Managing Officer General Manager, Construction Technology, Robot ICT

Development of Collaboratively Working Robots (Robo-Carrier/Robo-Welder/Robo-Buddy) for Construction Sites and safety

Due to the difficult challenge of construction and a shortage of labor, we started our development of working robots in 2016. The robots have the ability to work while moving to the next location autonomously. We have designed these robots to be functionally safe and to incorporate risk avoidance. Safety management of robots and workers has also been taken into account.

The implementation of robots began last year. We would like to introduce the feature of the safe and effective robots.